BCI - Uniform Crime Reporting and Incident-Based Reporting
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What is Uniform Crime Reporting?
The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet a need for reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics. Today, several annual statistical publications, such as the comprehensive Crime in the United States, are produced from data provided by nearly 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the United States.
What is Incident-Based Reporting?
The incident-based reporting (IBR) of criminal offenses or incidents is a data collection strategy that differs markedly from the Federal Bureau of Investigation's traditional summary-based Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. In IBR systems, law enforcement agencies maintain a database of the details of criminal incidents that are reported to them and report these details to their state UCR programs. In summary reporting, most local law enforcement agencies provide a monthly count of offenses and arrests for certain offense categories to their state UCR systems, which in turn report these totals to the FBI. Localities with IBR can fulfill the summary reporting requirements of the FBI's UCR program by aggregating selected incident-level data.
IBR systems, which are defined at the local and state levels, involve comprehensive data collection at the incident level on the various aspects of reported criminal incidents. Depending upon the design of the particular system, the information collected can include details about the incident location, offense(s), offender(s), victim(s), property, and arrestee(s). These systems can provide a solid foundation for tactical decision-making, strategic planning, offender tracking through the criminal justice system, research, and reporting. Localities and states with IBR systems can perform crime mapping, produce annual and special reports, and respond to ad hoc requests. Some states with IBR maintain Internet sites that display standard reports and/or provide downloadable data or reports.
Updated August 8, 2011[Last Update - Tuesday, 02-Apr-2013 08:46:37 MDT]